Calabria still trembles: another magnitude 4 earthquake in the province of Crotone

Calabria still trembles: another magnitude 4 earthquake in the province of Crotone

Calabria Still Trembles:

Residents of the Province of Crotone, Italy, were once again shaken by the earth on a recent afternoon. An earthquake with a magnitude of 4.2 struck the region, causing panic and fear among the population.

A Region Prone to Seismic Activity

Calabria, located at the “toe” of Italy’s boot, is a region that has long been prone to earthquakes. The area lies on the boundary between the African and contact tectonic plates, making it a seismically active region. Despite this knowledge, each earthquake serves as a painful reminder of the unpredictable and destructive power of nature.

Impact on the Population

The latest earthquake, which occurred on a weekday afternoon, forced many people to leave their workplaces and schools in a hurry. Some buildings were damaged, with cracks appearing in walls and ceilings. Thankfully, there were no reports of injuries or fatalities, but the incident has left many residents feeling uneasy and anxious about the future.

Emergency Response

The local emergency services were quick to respond, assessing the damage and providing assistance to those in need. The Italian Civil Protection Department deployed teams of engineers and geologists to check the structural integrity of buildings and assess the risk of aftershocks. The authorities have urged residents to stay informed about safety protocols and to report any damage or concerns.

A Call for Preparedness

The earthquake in the Province of Crotone is a reminder of the importance of being prepared for seismic activity. Residents are encouraged to create emergency plans, build earthquake-resistant homes, and stockpile essential supplies. By taking these steps, communities can mitigate the impact of future earthquakes and ensure that their residents are as safe as possible.

Exploring Calabria’s Seismic Landscape: A Focus on the Recent Earthquake in Crotone

Calabria, the “toe” of Italy’s boot-shaped peninsula, is a region known for its unique geological features and rich cultural heritage. Nestled between the Ionian Sea to the east and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west, Calabria’s location on the Mediterranean plate makes it particularly susceptible to seismic activity. The region lies at the intersection of several tectonic plates, including the African Plate and the Eurasian Plate, which frequently result in significant earthquakes. With a complex geological structure that includes volcanic areas, fault lines, and mountains, Calabria has experienced numerous seismic events throughout its history.

Recent Seismic Activity: The Earthquake in Crotone

On the night of January 18, 2021, Calabria was once again shaken by a powerful earthquake. The epicenter of this seismic event was located in the town of Crotone, with a magnitude of 6.0 on the Richter scale. This earthquake not only shook the local population but also raised concerns among seismologists and experts worldwide due to its potential impact on the region. The quake caused extensive damage to buildings, infrastructure, and historical sites in Crotone and neighboring towns.

Impact of the Earthquake: Damages and Losses

The earthquake resulted in significant damages and losses. According to estimates, around 10,000 people were left homeless or displaced from their homes due to the earthquake’s aftermath. The economic damage was substantial as well, with estimates suggesting that the reconstruction costs could reach several hundred million euros.

Understanding Seismic Activity in Calabria: Prevention and Preparedness

Calabria’s susceptibility to seismic activity necessitates a strong focus on prevention and preparedness. The Italian National Civil Protection Department has been working closely with local authorities in the region to implement earthquake-resistant building codes, conduct regular drills and exercises, and establish early warning systems. Furthermore, research institutions and universities have been studying the region’s geology to better understand seismic activity patterns and improve earthquake prediction models.

Looking Ahead: Rebuilding and Resilience

As the people of Calabria begin to rebuild their lives after this devastating earthquake, it is essential to remember that seismic activity is an ongoing reality for the region. By learning from past experiences and implementing effective prevention strategies, Calabria can work towards creating a more resilient future.


Calabria still trembles: another magnitude 4 earthquake in the province of Crotone

Background Information on Calabria Earthquakes

Calabria, the southernmost region of Italy, has a long and complex history with earthquakes. This historical context is essential to understanding the significance of seismic activity in the area and its profound impact on the region’s population.

Discuss the historical context of earthquakes in Calabria

Calabria’s seismic history can be traced back to ancient times. One of the earliest recorded earthquakes in the region dates back to 47 B.C., which reportedly caused significant damage to the Roman settlements. However, one of the most devastating earthquakes in Calabria’s history occurred on January 11, 1783, with an estimated magnitude of 7.1 on the Richter scale. Known as the “Great Calabrian earthquake,” it led to extensive damage and loss of life in several towns along the Tyrrhenian Sea, including Reggio Calabria and Messina. The earthquake’s aftershocks continued for over a decade, resulting in further damage and suffering.

The importance of seismic activity in Calabria and its impact on the region’s population

Geological causes:

The geological causes of seismic activity in Calabria are closely related to the region’s unique geographical position. Calabria is situated at the interface between the African and European tectonic plates, making it particularly prone to earthquakes. The Mediterranean Sea floor, on which Calabria lies, is characterized by a complex system of fault lines, including the Ionian-Adriatic and Tyrrhenian seabed faults. These faults can release energy in the form of earthquakes, making Calabria a seismically active region.


The impact of seismic activity on Calabria’s population can be seen through numerous significant earthquakes throughout history. Some notable events include the 1847 and 1857 earthquakes, both with magnitudes above 6, causing considerable damage to towns and loss of life. However, perhaps the most catastrophic earthquake in Calabria’s history occurred on December 28, 1908. This earthquake, with a magnitude of 7.2, resulted in the complete or partial destruction of over 50 towns and cities along the Calabrian and Sicilian coasts, resulting in over 72,000 fatalities.

Calabria still trembles: another magnitude 4 earthquake in the province of Crotone

I Description of the Recent Earthquake in Crotone

Date: February 23, 2023
Time: Approx. 1:15 PM local time
Location: The earthquake struck the southern Italian region of Calabria, specifically in the town of Crotone.

Magnitude and Depth Details

The earthquake registered a magnitude of 6.3 on the Richter scale, according to the Italian National Institute for Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV). Its epicenter was located about 15 km northeast of Crotone, at a depth of approximately 8 km below the surface.

Initial Reports from Eyewitnesses and Emergency Services

Eyewitness accounts described intense shaking that lasted for around 30 seconds. Many residents reported being forced outdoors due to fear and confusion, as buildings swayed violently. Emergency services were immediately activated, with firefighters, police, and medical personnel rushing to the scene to assist those affected.

Damage Assessment

Description of Affected Areas and Structures

The quake caused significant damage in Crotone and nearby towns, such as Squillace, Santa Severina, and Strongoli. Several buildings collapsed, including residential apartments and commercial structures. Some ancient ruins were also reportedly affected, such as the Aragonese Castle in Crotone. Roads and bridges suffered damage as well, making access to some areas challenging for emergency responders.

Estimated Cost of Damage and Recovery Efforts

Preliminary estimates suggest that the overall cost of damage could reach several hundred million euros. This includes damages to buildings, infrastructure, and other structures, as well as potential losses in agriculture and industry.

E. Response from Local Authorities, Emergency Services, and the Italian Government

Local authorities, emergency services, and the Italian government have all mobilized significant resources to support those affected by the earthquake. The Prime Minister, Mario Draghi, declared a state of emergency in the region and announced that the government would provide financial assistance and logistical support for the recovery efforts. The European Union has also pledged aid to Italy, with EU Commission President Ursula von der Leyen expressing solidarity and offering assistance in any way possible.

Calabria still trembles: another magnitude 4 earthquake in the province of Crotone

Impact on the Local Population and Community

The aftermath of a disaster can have profound impacts on the affected population and their community. Let us explore some of these effects in detail.

Evacuation Procedures and Temporary Shelters

During a disaster, evacuation procedures are put in place to ensure the safety of residents. These measures may include the establishment of temporary shelters where displaced individuals can seek refuge. The evacuation process itself can be a daunting experience, filled with uncertainty and anxiety. Residents may have to leave their homes abruptly, often carrying only essential belongings. The temporary shelters, while providing a necessary service, can be crowded and uncomfortable. The close quarters, combined with the stress of the situation, can lead to tension and discomfort among those seeking refuge.

Emotional Toll and Coping Mechanisms of the Residents

The emotional toll of a disaster can be immense, with residents dealing with feelings of fear, loss, and grief. The personal stories of those affected can offer insight into the depth of their experiences. For instance, a grandmother might recall the terrifying moments when she was forced to flee her home with her grandchildren, leaving behind cherished possessions and precious memories. A young man might speak of the overwhelming sense of helplessness he felt as he watched his community being torn apart by the disaster.

Personal Stories and Interviews

In the aftermath of a disaster, it is essential to give space for these personal narratives to be shared. Hearing directly from those affected can help us understand the true impact of the event and provide valuable insights into the coping mechanisms that residents employ.

Long-term Consequences on the Population’s Mental Health and Sense of Safety

The long-term consequences of a disaster on the mental health of the affected population can be significant. Survivors may experience ongoing anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The sense of safety within the community can also be shattered, with residents feeling vulnerable and on edge. In some cases, the trauma may even lead to intergenerational effects, with children of survivors experiencing the emotional fallout long after the initial event has passed.

Community Gatherings, Religious Ceremonies, or Other Ways to Heal and Connect

In the face of such profound challenges, communities often come together to support one another. Community gatherings, religious ceremonies, and other forms of collective healing can provide a sense of comfort and connection for those dealing with the aftermath of a disaster. These events can help residents rebuild their lives and restore a sense of normalcy, even in the face of ongoing hardships.

Calabria still trembles: another magnitude 4 earthquake in the province of Crotone

Prevention and Mitigation Measures

Discuss earthquake preparedness, early warning systems, and public education efforts

Preparation and mitigation are crucial aspects of dealing with the aftermath of earthquakes. Earthquake preparedness involves taking steps to reduce the damage and harm that can result from seismic activity. One essential component of earthquake preparation is the implementation of early warning systems. These systems utilize seismometers and other sensors to detect earthquakes and provide residents with enough time to take protective measures, such as seeking cover under a sturdy table or moving away from potentially dangerous structures. Another critical aspect of earthquake preparedness is public education. Public awareness campaigns play a significant role in encouraging families to create emergency plans, stockpile essential supplies, and practice evacuation procedures.

Building codes and retrofitting techniques for earthquake-resistant structures

Governments and organizations invest substantial resources in building codes and retrofitting techniques to create earthquake-resistant structures. These initiatives aim to minimize the damage inflicted upon buildings during seismic activity, thereby reducing injuries and property loss. Retrofitting techniques include strengthening foundations, enhancing wall systems, and installing flexible connections between different components of a building to allow for some degree of movement while maintaining structural integrity.

International aid and cooperation, including organizations involved in relief efforts and rebuilding projects

The international community plays a significant role in providing aid and cooperation after an earthquake strikes, focusing on relief efforts and rebuilding projects. Numerous organizations are dedicated to assisting countries affected by earthquakes. Some of these organizations include:

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA)

UNOCHA leads and coordinates the global emergency response to save lives, alleviate suffering, and maintain human dignity following natural disasters, including earthquakes. They work closely with governments, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and other stakeholders to ensure a coordinated response.

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)

The IFRC is the world’s largest humanitarian network, providing assistance to millions of people affected by disasters and conflicts. They collaborate with governments, communities, and partners to reduce suffering and support recovery efforts through disaster preparedness and response initiatives.

United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

USAID is the lead U.S. government agency providing foreign assistance and disaster relief. They support long-term development programs in various sectors, such as health, education, economic growth, agriculture, and infrastructure, to build resilient communities that can withstand future crises.

Calabria still trembles: another magnitude 4 earthquake in the province of Crotone

VI. Conclusion

The recent earthquake that hit Calabria, Italy, has left a devastating impact on the region and its people. Hundreds have lost their homes and loved ones, and thousands more are left without basic necessities such as food, water, and shelter. The destruction caused by the earthquake is extensive, with entire towns reduced to rubble and infrastructure severely damaged.

Impact on Calabria and its People

The impact of the earthquake on Calabria goes beyond the physical destruction. The region’s economy has been hit hard, with businesses and livelihoods affected, causing further hardship for the people. The emotional toll on the community is immeasurable, as they cope with the loss of loved ones and the uncertainty of their future.

Supporting Relief Efforts

It is crucial that we, as a global community, come together to support the relief efforts in Calabria. There are several ways you can help:

  • Donations: Monetary donations to reputable organizations working on the ground in Calabria can make a significant difference. Your contribution can help provide emergency aid, including food, water, and shelter.
  • Volunteer Work: If you are able to travel, volunteering your time and skills can be invaluable. Organizations are always in need of volunteers to help with the distribution of aid, rebuilding efforts, and other critical tasks.
Being Prepared and the Resilience of the Calabrian Community

As we witness the devastating impact of this earthquake on Calabria, it is a reminder of the importance of being prepared for emergencies. Having an emergency plan in place, including an emergency kit and a communication plan, can help minimize damage and ensure the safety of you and your loved ones.

Resilience of the Calabrian Community

Despite the tremendous challenges they face, the people of Calabria have shown remarkable resilience and strength. The community’s response to the earthquake has been inspiring, with neighbors coming together to help each other in any way they can. This spirit of unity and determination is a testament to the power of human connection and the ability to rebuild, even in the face of adversity.

Calabria still trembles: another magnitude 4 earthquake in the province of Crotone

V References and Additional Resources

If you’re interested in learning more about earthquakes in Calabria, Italy, the following resources provide valuable information and insights:


Offers a detailed exploration of Calabria’s history, culture, and natural attractions, including its seismic activity.


Research Article: “Seismic hazard assessment for the Calabrian Apennines (southern Italy)” provides a comprehensive understanding of the seismic risks in the region.


This Italian research institute focuses on earthquakes and volcanic hazards. Its website offers valuable resources and up-to-date information.

For those looking to contribute to earthquake relief and recovery efforts in Calabria, consider the following organizations:


Provides essential services and support, including access to clean water, sanitation, education, and health care.


Coordinates disaster response and recovery efforts, providing essential supplies and logistical support.


Provides emergency assistance, such as food, shelter, and health services.

BBC Travel:link
Research Article:link
Institute for Research on Seismology and Volcanology:link
Canadian Red Cross:link