In France, the far right at 33%, Le Pen: “Now we need an absolute majority.” Macron calls for republican unity. Mélenchon: “He lost”

In France, the far right at 33%, Le Pen: "Now we need an absolute majority." Macron calls for republican unity. Mélenchon: “He lost”

In France, the Far Right at 33%

Marine Le Pen‘s

National Rally

party (Rassemblement National) has gained significant momentum in


‘s political landscape, garnering 33% of the votes in the recent

European Parliament elections

. Le Pen’s electrifying success has sparked a frenzy, with her calling for an absolute majority in the upcoming

legislative elections

. Her bold proclamation, however, has left the republican camp divided and scrambling for countermeasures.

In response to Le Pen’s growing influence, Emmanuel Macron

, the

president of France

, has appealed for

republican unity

to maintain the country’s democratic norms. Macron, a centrist politician, has vowed to confront Le Pen’s far-right ideologies head-on and rally support from various political parties. By doing so, he aims to strengthen the

Republican Party

and fortify its position against Le Pen’s National Rally.

Meanwhile, the far left


Jean-Luc Mélenchon

, and his La France Insoumise party have expressed their skepticism towards Macron’s call for unity. Mélenchon, a socialist, has publicly criticized the president’s political agenda and accused him of being too close to corporate interests. Despite their ideological differences, Mélenchon has acknowledged the importance of uniting against Le Pen’s far-right policies. However, his approach is markedly different from Macron’s, as he seeks to rally the leftist forces and appeal to the disenchanted voters.

I. Introduction

The recent

French presidential election

results have shaken the political landscape of France, with the

Far Right

making a strong comeback. The most notable figure in this camp is Marine Le Pen, who received an impressive 33% of the votes, making her the

second highest vote-getter

in the first round. This performance is not only a testament to the persisting appeal of populist and nationalist ideologies, but also a significant shift from the previous election in 2017 where she managed only about 34% of the votes in the second round.



of these election results cannot be overstated in the context of French politics. The potential implications are far-reaching, from coalition building to the future direction of the country’s domestic and foreign policies. Le Pen’s strong showing challenges the dominance of the centrist and left-wing parties, who have traditionally held sway over French politics. It also raises questions about the country’s commitment to European integration and its relationship with key global powers. As the political landscape continues to evolve, it is clear that these election results mark a pivotal moment in French politics.

In France, the far right at 33%, Le Pen: "Now we need an absolute majority." Macron calls for republican unity. Mélenchon: “He lost”

Marine Le Pen’s Response: Seeking an Absolute Majority

Background on Marine Le Pen and the Far Right National Rally (RN) party

  1. Marine Le Pen, a French politician and the leader of the National Rally (RN) party, has been a significant figure in French politics since her father Jean-Marie Le Pen’s presidential campaigns in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
  2. The National Rally (previously known as the National Front) has faced numerous challenges over the years, including allegations of xenophobia and anti-Semitism. Marine Le Pen has attempted to rebrand the party as more mainstream and inclusive.

Le Pen’s call for an absolute majority

Marine Le Pen has recently declared her intention to seek an absolute majority in the upcoming French presidential election. An absolute majority refers to winning more than half of the votes cast (50% + 1) in a two-round system, allowing the winner to govern without needing to form a coalition.

Explanation of what an absolute majority means in the French political system

In contrast to the U.S. presidential election, which is a single-winner contest, the French presidency is determined by a two-round voting system. If no candidate receives an absolute majority in the first round, the top two candidates proceed to a second-round runoff election.

Potential strategies and implications for the RN party and its allies

Achieving an absolute majority would be a significant accomplishment for Marine Le Pen, potentially strengthening her mandate and reducing the need to negotiate with other parties. It could also facilitate the implementation of her policies without the risk of coalitions leading to compromises or dilution of her agenda.

Analysis of Le Pen’s chances of achieving an absolute majority

  1. Current support levels: According to various polls, Marine Le Pen’s popularity stands around 20-25%, lagging behind current frontrunner Emmanuel Macron and far from an absolute majority.
  2. Coalition building opportunities: In the past, Marine Le Pen has attempted to build alliances with other right-wing parties like the Republicans and the Centrist Democrats. However, these partnerships have not always been successful, and her polarizing image may hinder future collaborations.

Potential policy implications of a Le Pen-led government

  1. Immigration, security, and EU relations: A Le Pen-led government could implement stricter immigration policies, focusing on national sovereignty and border control. This may also involve a more confrontational stance towards the European Union.
  2. Economic policies and business climate: Marine Le Pen’s economic platform includes a focus on protectionism, increased public spending, and potentially higher taxes. The impact on the French business climate and international relations remains to be seen.
  3. Social policies and human rights: Her stance on social issues is controversial, with potential implications for civil liberties, gender equality, and LGBTQ+ rights.

In France, the far right at 33%, Le Pen: "Now we need an absolute majority." Macron calls for republican unity. Mélenchon: “He lost”

I Emmanuel Macron’s Response: Appealing for Republican Unity

Background on Emmanuel Macron and his La République En Marche! (REM) party

Emmanuel Macron, a former investment banker and an ex-minister under both François Hollande’s Socialist government and Nicolas Sarkozy’s conservative administration, rose to prominence as the founder of the centrist political movement La République En Marche! (REM) in 2016. Macron’s presidential campaign was marked by his energetic speeches, anti-establishment rhetoric, and a promise to restore French unity and revitalize the economy. In the 2017 presidential election, Macron secured a resounding victory, winning over 66% of the votes in the second round against Marine Le Pen.

Macron’s call for republican unity

Explanation of the term “republican unity” in the French context

The term “republican unity” refers to a political alliance between France’s center-right and center-left parties, aimed at maintaining the stability of the French Republic. Historically, republican unity has been a critical factor in French politics as it has allowed for cooperation between various political factions during times of crises and national emergencies.

Potential strategies and implications for Macron’s political future

Macron’s recent call for republican unity comes amid rising political tensions and polarization in France. With his approval ratings dropping to record lows, Macron aims to regain support by appealing to the traditional center-left and center-right voters who have been disillusioned with their respective parties’ performance. By forming a united front, Macron hopes to present a strong, stable alternative to the far-right and the populist forces that have gained significant traction in recent years.

Analysis of Macron’s chances of maintaining or regaining support

Current approval ratings and potential coalition building opportunities

Macron’s approval ratings have taken a hit due to various factors, including the ongoing Yellow Vest protests, perceived elitism, and dissatisfaction with his economic reforms. However, his recent call for republican unity presents an opportunity to build a broad-based coalition that could help him regain support and strengthen his political base.

Historical precedents and challenges

Historically, efforts to form republican unity have faced significant challenges due to deep-rooted ideological differences between the center-right and center-left parties. Macron’s attempts to bridge these divides will require a delicate balance between accommodating various political factions while maintaining his centrist image and policy agenda.

Potential policy implications of a Macron-led government in a united republican front

Domestic policies, such as pension reform and labor laws

A Macron-led government in a united republican front could potentially lead to more significant domestic policy changes, such as reforming the pension system and labor laws, which have been contentious issues in the past. This would require careful negotiations between various political parties and interest groups.

Foreign policy, including relations with the EU and Russia

Macron’s foreign policy agenda, particularly his strong support for European unity and engagement with Russia, could benefit from a united republican front. However, this would also require navigating complex geopolitical dynamics and maintaining a delicate balance between various national and European interests.

In France, the far right at 33%, Le Pen: "Now we need an absolute majority." Macron calls for republican unity. Mélenchon: “He lost”

**Jean-Luc Mélenchon’s Response:** “He lost”

Background on Jean-Luc Mélenchon and the La France Insoumise (LFI) party

**Jean-Luc Mélenchon**, a French politician, has been the leader of the **La France Insoumise (LFI)** party since its inception in 2016. The left-wing party gained significant attention during the 2017 presidential elections, where Mélenchon secured over 20% of the votes in the first round. However, he failed to reach the second round run-off against Emmanuel Macron and Marine Le Pen. Despite this, LFI became the third largest group in the National Assembly after the elections.

Mélenchon’s reaction to the election results

During and immediately after the 2022 elections, **Mélenchon** expressed his disappointment with the outcome. He acknowledged that LFI had not obtained the desired results but urged his supporters to remain active and engaged in the political process, stating: “We are losing an election, we are not disappearing.” After a few days, he met with other left-wing parties to discuss potential alliances and coalitions for future elections.

Statements made during and after the elections

Throughout the campaign, Mélenchon emphasized his commitment to economic equality and social welfare. He also stressed the importance of tackling climate change and reducing France’s reliance on nuclear energy. Post-elections, he reiterated his intentions to continue advocating for these issues and collaborating with other leftist parties to increase their influence in French politics.

Analysis of Mélenchon’s chances in future elections

Currently, LFI holds around 15% to 20% of the popular vote. Given the volatility of French politics and the potential for coalition building, Mélenchon has a realistic chance of securing a significant influence in future elections. However, historical precedents suggest that third parties face considerable challenges when attempting to form a governing coalition or disrupt the traditional two-party system.

Potential policy implications of a Mélenchon-led government, should he gain enough support in future elections

If Mélenchon is able to form a leftist coalition and lead a French government, several key policy areas could be affected. Economically, the new government may focus on redistributive policies aimed at reducing income inequality and implementing progressive taxation. Socially, there could be an emphasis on expanding social welfare programs and addressing issues related to affordable housing and education. Environmentally, the new administration might prioritize climate change initiatives, such as investing in renewable energy sources and phasing out nuclear power. Foreign policy-wise, there could be a shift towards increased international cooperation on issues like climate change, human rights, and global economic inequality.

In France, the far right at 33%, Le Pen: "Now we need an absolute majority." Macron calls for republican unity. Mélenchon: “He lost”


In this article, we have explored the meteoric rise of Marine Le Pen’s National Rally (RN) party in French politics, with a particular focus on the 2019 European Parliament elections. We began by examining Le Pen’s political background, her anti-immigration and anti-EU rhetoric, and the strategies she employed to gain support from a disillusioned electorate. Next, we delved into the campaign leading up to the European elections, analyzing the key issues, alliances, and turning points that influenced the outcome.

Recap of the main points discussed in the article

Marine Le Pen‘s political journey started with her father Jean-Marie Le Pen, the founder of the National Front (FN) party. She took over the leadership in 2011 and worked to modernize and rebrand the party, making it more palatable to mainstream voters while maintaining its core far-right ideologies. In the 2017 French presidential elections, Le Pen reached an unprecedented level of success by making it to the runoff against Emmanuel Macron. Although she ultimately lost, her performance served as a clear indication that the far right was becoming a more significant force in French politics.

Analysis of the potential implications for French politics and society moving forward

Potential coalitions, policy changes, and political alliances

The European Parliament elections of 2019 marked another important milestone for Le Pen and her party. The RN secured 23 seats, making it the largest French delegation in the European Parliament. With this newfound influence, Le Pen has been exploring potential political alliances and coalitions, both within France and at the European level. These collaborations could lead to policy changes in areas such as immigration, EU cooperation, and the role of national governments.

Implications for France’s relationship with the EU and other global powers

The elections also had far-reaching implications for France’s relationship with the EU and other global powers. Le Pen has long been critical of European integration and has advocated for a more nationalist approach. Her party’s strong showing in the elections could embolden her stance on EU matters, potentially causing tensions between France and its European partners. Additionally, Le Pen has expressed a desire for closer relations with other non-European powers like Russia and the United States.

Reflection on the importance of understanding these developments in the broader context of European politics and the role of the far right in various countries

Finally, it is essential to understand these developments in the broader context of European politics and the role of the far right in various countries. Marine Le Pen’s success is not an isolated phenomenon but part of a larger trend towards populist and nationalist movements across Europe. By examining these trends, we can gain valuable insights into the challenges facing European democracies and the potential solutions for addressing them. As the political landscape continues to evolve, it is crucial that we remain vigilant and informed about these developments, both within France and beyond.