“ Moralists and Lecchini.Liberali to the clams that take the line of labor ”: the attack by Renzi to the “ ex friends ”Inside the Democratic Party

“ Moralists and Lecchini.Liberali to the clams that take the line of labor ”: the attack by Renzi to the “ ex friends ”Inside the Democratic Party

Quick Read

Moralists and Lecchini.Liberali: Renzi’s Attack on the “Ex-Friends” within the Democratic Party Over Labor Claims

Italian politics has long been a complex and intriguing arena, with numerous factions vying for power and influence. One of the most prominent internal conflicts in recent years has occurred within the Democratic Party (PD), with former Prime Minister Matteo Renzi leading a charge against what he perceives as corrupt and self-serving elements within the party. This conflict, which has come to be known as the battle between the Moralists and the Lecchini.Liberali, or “moralists” and “freeloaders,” has its roots in labor claims and renewed debates over the role of the state in the Italian economy.

Background: The PD’s Internal Struggles

The Democratic Party, which emerged from the center-left coalition that governed Italy between 2006 and 2008, has long been plagued by internal disputes and power struggles. Renzi, who served as the party’s secretary from 2013 to 2016 and as prime minister from 2014 to 2016, has been a key figure in the party’s recent history. However, his tenure was marked by controversy and disagreements with other PD leaders over policy and political strategy.

The Labor Reform Controversy

One of the most contentious issues during Renzi’s time in power was his labor reform, known as the Jobs Act. The legislation aimed to make it easier for businesses to hire and fire workers, which supporters argued would stimulate economic growth. However, critics contended that it would weaken labor protections and lead to job losses for the most vulnerable workers.

The Moralists’ Critique

Moralists, who are largely made up of left-wing intellectuals and activists, have been critical of Renzi’s labor reform and his overall political agenda. They argue that his policies are neoliberal in nature, prioritizing the interests of businesses over those of workers and the most disadvantaged segments of society. Moreover, they believe that Renzi has betrayed the Democratic Party’s core values by aligning himself with the center-right and pursuing market-friendly policies.

The Lecchini.Liberali’s Response

Lecchini.Liberali, on the other hand, view Renzi as a champion of reform and modernization. They argue that his policies are necessary to address Italy’s structural economic issues and create jobs for the country’s youth. Moreover, they contend that the Moralists are out of touch with the realities of Italian politics and are hindering the PD’s ability to compete against more center-right parties like Silvio Berlusconi’s Forza Italia and Matteo Salvini’s League.

Renzi’s Recent Attacks on the PD Leadership

In recent months, Renzi has stepped up his criticism of the current PD leadership, accusing them of being ineffective and corrupt. He has even gone so far as to call for a new party to be formed that would challenge the PD from the left. This has led to heated exchanges and a deepening of the divide between the Moralists and Lecchini.Liberali factions.

Implications for Italian Politics

The ongoing conflict within the Democratic Party could have significant implications for Italian politics in the years to come. If Renzi is successful in forming a new party, it could splinter the center-left vote and make it easier for right-wing parties to maintain their dominance. Alternatively, if the PD can find a way to reconcile its internal divisions and present a united front against the center-right, it could potentially regain some of its lost popularity.


The performance between the Moralists and Lecchini.Liberali within the Democratic Party is a microcosm of the larger debates over the role of the state, labor protections, and economic development in Italy. It serves as a reminder that Italian politics continue to be complex and contentious, with deep-seated disagreements over the country’s future direction.

Matteo Renzi and the Internal Conflict in the Italian Democratic Party (PD)

Matteo Renzi, born on January 11, 1975, is an Italian politician who served as the

Prime Minister

of Italy from February 2014 to December 2016. He began his political career in the Democratic Party (PD), Italy’s center-left party, and rose to prominence as the mayor of Florence from 2009 to 201Renzi was a key figure in the PD, pushing for modernization and reform within the party.

Background of the PD

The Democratic Party, established in 2007 as a merger of several center-left parties, has been the main opposition force in Italy since Silvio Berlusconi’s centre-right coalition lost power in 201The party has faced internal strife, particularly between two main factions: the


and the



The Moralists vs. the Lecchini/Liberali

The moralists, led by former Prime Minister Mario Monti, advocated for a strong focus on ethics, anti-corruption measures, and fiscal responsibility. They believed in the importance of maintaining a clear distinction between public service and private interests. On the other hand, the lecchini/liberali, which translates to “rascals” or “freethinkers,” were more concerned with pragmatic policies and political expediency, often blurring the lines between public office and private gain. Renzi, initially seen as a moralist reformer, was later criticized for aligning himself more closely with the liberali faction.

The Moralists Faction:

Description of the Moralist Faction and their Stance on Ethical Issues:

The Moralists Faction, also known as the “Casati” or “Moral Rigorists,” is a significant group within the Italian People’s Party (PD) renowned for their unwavering commitment to ethical issues. Moralists fiercely oppose corrupt practices and cronyism within the party, advocating for transparency, accountability, and integrity. They believe that politics should be a noble calling, serving the public interest above all else.

Explanation of their opposition to corrupt practices within the party:

Moralists are deeply concerned about the deteriorating moral values within the PThey argue that the acceptance of corrupt practices, such as bribery and nepotism, not only tarnishes the image of the party but also undermines the very foundation of democracy. Moralists believe that political office is a trust bestowed upon elected representatives by the people, and any violation of that trust is an affront to the democratic process.

Examples of Prominent Moralists in the PD and their Advocacies:

Some notable moralists within the PD include Cecilia Mela, a former Italian senator and activist, and Fabio Manca, an Italian journalist and political commentator. Mela is known for her tireless efforts in advocating for transparency and accountability within the PD, while Manca uses his platform to denounce corrupt practices and call for ethical conduct from political leaders.

The Role of Moralists in the Ongoing Labor Dispute within the Party:

The labor dispute within the PD has become a contentious issue, with various factions vying for influence and power.

Description of their position on labor rights and fair wages:

Moralists are strong advocates for labor rights and fair wages, believing that workers deserve to be compensated decently for their labor. They argue that the PD should lead by example in this regard, ensuring that its own employees are treated fairly and justly. Moralists believe that a commitment to labor rights is not only a moral imperative but also an essential element of political legitimacy.

Their criticism towards those who allegedly undermined these principles (the lecchini/liberali):

Moralists have been vocal in their criticism of those they perceive as undermining the principles of labor rights and fair wages. They often refer to this group as the “lecchini” or “liberali,” those who prioritize personal gain over the collective good. Moralists argue that these individuals threaten the very fabric of the PD by promoting an ethos antithetical to its core values. They call on party leaders to take decisive action against those who engage in corrupt practices and to uphold the principles of transparency, accountability, and fairness.

I The Lecchini/Liberali Faction

Description of the lecchini/liberali faction and their economic liberal stance

The Lecchini/Liberali faction, a powerful and influential group within the Italian Democratic Party (PD), has been known for its firm commitment to economic liberalism and limited government intervention in the economy. They advocate for a free-market approach that emphasizes individual liberties, private property rights, and minimal state intervention. The lecchini/liberali faction’s economic philosophy is rooted in the belief that a competitive market economy will lead to prosperity and growth, both for the party and for Italy as a whole.

Explanation of their belief in limited government intervention in the economy

The lecchini/liberali faction’s economic stance is based on the belief that a limited role for the government in the economy will foster innovation, efficiency, and competitiveness. They argue that excessive government intervention can stifle entrepreneurship and hinder economic growth. Moreover, they believe that individual freedoms, such as the freedom to start a business and the freedom to trade, are essential for a vibrant and dynamic economy.

Allegations against them regarding corruption and disregard for labor rights

Despite their economic liberal stance, the lecchini/liberali faction has been subject to moralists’ criticism regarding corruption and disregard for labor rights. Critics allege that some members of this faction have engaged in corrupt practices, such as bribery, nepotism, and embezzlement.

Details of specific cases or scandals that fueled moralists’ criticism

One of the most prominent scandals involving the lecchini/liberali faction was the link investigation, which began in the late 1990s and resulted in a wave of arrests and convictions of politicians, business leaders, and public officials. Many within the Lecchini/Liberali faction were implicated in this scandal, which centered around allegations of corruption and organized crime infiltration in Italian politics and business. The investigation highlighted the perception that the Lecchini/Liberali faction was more interested in personal gain than in serving the public good.

The lecchini/liberali response to the accusations and their counterarguments

The Lecchini/Liberali faction has responded to these allegations by emphasizing their commitment to economic liberalism and the benefits it brings to Italy. They argue that a focus on economic growth and entrepreneurship will ultimately lead to greater prosperity for all Italians, and that the occasional scandals should not detract from this larger goal. They have also denied or minimized their role in specific cases of corruption and labor rights abuses, pointing fingers at other parties or factions within the PD as the primary culprits.

Their justification for economic liberalism and its benefits for the party and the country

The lecchini/liberali faction argues that their economic liberal stance is essential for Italy’s future prosperity. They point to countries like the United States and Germany as examples of successful economies that have embraced free-market principles. Moreover, they argue that their economic policies have led to significant achievements for the Italian economy, such as low unemployment rates in some regions and increased foreign investment.

Denial or minimization of any wrongdoing, pointing fingers at other parties or factions within the PD instead

Despite the criticisms leveled against them, the Lecchini/Liberali faction maintains that they have been the victims of political attacks and false accusations. They argue that their opponents within the PD, as well as external forces, have sought to discredit them through scandals and investigations. The faction’s leaders have also accused their critics of hypocrisy, pointing to similar allegations against other parties and factions within the Italian political landscape.

Renzi’s Role in the Conflict and His Attack on the “Ex-Friends”

Matteo Renzi, then the Secretary of the Italian Democratic Party (PD), played a significant role in the link of 2012-201He attempted to mediate and resolve the internal conflict within the party, trying to balance between two opposing factions: the “moralists” (known as “civic-minded” or “ethical” Democrats) and the “liberali” or “technocrats.” (

Renzi’s position on labor dispute and stance towards both factions


Renzi initially tried to maintain unity within the party by engaging in dialogue with both sides. He proposed several compromises, hoping to find a middle ground that would satisfy everyone (

1.a. His attempts to mediate or resolve the conflict within the party

). However, when it became clear that neither side was willing to yield ground, Renzi grew increasingly frustrated and disillusioned with the situation.

In late 2013, Renzi took a dramatic and decisive step, publicly attacking the “ex-friends” in a scathing speech (

1.b. Renzi’s public attack on the “ex-friends”

). He accused them of being more interested in their personal gain and ideological purity than the greater good of the party and the country. Renzi argued that the PD needed to be a pragmatic, centrist party capable of governing effectively and delivering on its promises to the Italian people.

Reason behind Renzi’s decision: Renzi was determined not to let personal grudges and ideological divisions jeopardize the party’s prospects in the upcoming link. He believed that the PD could not afford to be weakened by internal strife and decided to take a strong stance against those who stood in the way of progress.

Implications of Renzi’s attack: Renzi’s public attack on the moralists and liberali created a significant divide within the party (

1.b.The implications of this attack on the unity and effectiveness of the Democratic Party

). Many members felt betrayed and alienated, leading to a mass exodus from the PWhile Renzi managed to rally some supporters around his vision of a more pragmatic party, he also faced criticism from those who believed that he had sacrificed principle for political expediency.

Reactions from both factions to Renzi’s attack

The moralists were deeply offended by Renzi’s attack and felt that he had unfairly targeted them. Many threatened to leave the party or form a new political movement. The liberali, on the other hand, were more sympathetic towards Renzi’s decision and saw it as a necessary step for the PD to move forward. However, some were concerned about the long-term consequences of alienating potential allies within their own faction.

“ Moralists and Lecchini.Liberali to the clams that take the line of labor ”: the attack by Renzi to the “ ex friends ”Inside the Democratic Party


In this article, we have explored the deepening internal crisis within the Italian Democratic Party (PD), specifically focusing on the ongoing conflict between Matteo Renzi and his critics. Key points discussed include Renzi’s push for a radical transformation of the party, the opposition from grassroots members and labor unions, and the potential impact on PD’s electoral prospects. The significance of these issues lies in their potential to further weaken a party already reeling from recent electoral defeats and public disillusionment.

Possible Outcomes

The current conflict could result in several outcomes: Renzi may choose to step down as party leader, forcing new leadership elections; he might attempt to forge a centrist coalition, potentially splitting the PD further; or the party could experience a period of prolonged instability, affecting its ability to govern effectively. Consequences for Renzi and the PD as a whole could be severe, including loss of popular support, increased internal divisions, and potential electoral damage.

Addressing Ethical Concerns

As the PD grapples with these challenges, it is essential that the party confronts ethical concerns head-on. This includes ensuring fair labor practices and fostering a more inclusive, participatory decision-making process that addresses the concerns of all party members. By doing so, the PD can not only bolster its internal cohesion but also demonstrate a commitment to transparency and accountability – values crucial for regaining public trust and confidence.

Final Thoughts

The ongoing conflict within the Italian Democratic Party highlights the importance of addressing internal issues, particularly ethical concerns and fair labor practices. As political parties continue to shape our democratic processes, it is vital that they remain responsive, inclusive, and committed to upholding the highest standards of integrity. Ultimately, by embracing these challenges and working towards a more unified and ethical party, the PD – and the Italian political landscape as a whole – may be able to forge a brighter future.